Orwell’s influence on the story

The little boy Eric Arthur Blair, better known as George Orwell, was born on the 25th of June 1903 in India. He went to Eton where he never fit in because of his background (he saw his family as a ‘lower-upper-middle class’). He felt oppressed by the dictatorial control that the school wanted to have over their students’. Due to his school Eton, he hated the British upper-class.

After graduating from Eton, he decided to work as a British Imperial Policeman. He hated his duties because he had to require the strict laws of a political regime.

Happenings in the book ‘Nineteen Eighty-Four’ can be compared with things that occurred during World War I and World War II, for example the Ministry of Truth was his inspired by the English Ministry of Information. Also, his political thoughts became clearly in the story. Firstly, Orwell was a revolutionary Marxist, but gradually he changed his mind and became more and more a democratic socialist and renounced the Soviet-Union. Even though he knew that could lead to dictatorship, he didn’t think  it would actually happen. The rise of dictators’ powers such as Hitler (Germany) and Stalin (Soviet Union) inspired Orwell’s hatred of totalitarianism and political authority.

So you can conclude from the story that he was against the totalitarian nationalism and that the story was an accusation for the future of totalitarian nationalism. And that’s what Orwell’s idea was when he was writing the story about the future.

During World War II, Orwell  was a member of the ‘Home Guard’. That was a defense organization of the British Army, it had about 1.5 million volunteers. That’s what you can compare with the Brother hood in the story. They are both against the society. Another similarity is that there always has to be a doormat. That’s in World War I and World War II, and also in ‘Nineteen Eighty-Four’. In the World wars it were the Jews, in the book it is Emmanuel Goldstein, the writer of ‘The theory and practice of oligarchical collectivism’. It is actually not clear if he does exist or not. They probably made him up so the followers of the ‘Party’  had something to be against to, and the feeling of being one with each other became bigger. And like the gas chambers in World War II, the rooms where everybody was afraid of, can be compared with room 101. The room with the biggest nightmare of every person.The propaganda in the story says that of everything is plenty, but that is not the case. All the people lived in disability, for example, the men asked each other for razor blades, but no one has one left. And the society says that they live in plenty, that’s not true on the contrary!

So by reading this book I can conclude that the main character probably is the same person as the writer of the book, George Orwell. You can make this up when he talks about what he thinks of the society and compare that with Orwell’s ideas about politics. ‘Nineteen Eighty-Four’ is one of Orwell’s best books and it remains one of the biggest warnings ever against the dangers of a totalitarian society.


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